জগন্নাথ বিশ্ববিদ্যালয়

সালঃ 2012

C ইউনিট


black

semiskilled

unskilled

white middle class

higher unemployment insurance

protection against imports

government action

restrictive business practices

had washed

washing

was washing

washed

needed

needs

need

had need

your bill will be higher

will be higher your bill

the higher your bill

None of these.

Had washed

Washing

Was washing

Washed

Needed

Needs

Need

Had need

Your bill will be higher

Wil be higher your bill

The higher your bill will be

None of these

Question 19, 20, 21 and 22 are based on the following reading.

Unemployment is an important index of economic slack and lost. output, but it is much more than that. For the unemployed person, it often a damaging affront to human dignity and sometimes a Pastimes a catastrophic blow to family life. Nor is this cost.distributed in proportion to ability to bear it. It falls most heavily on the young, the semiskilled and unskilled, the black person, the older worker, and underemployed person in a low income rural area who is denied the option of securing more rewarding urban employment.The concentrated incidence of unemployment among specific groups  in the population. means far greater costs to society that can be-measured simply in hours of involuntary idleness or dollars of income lost. The extra costs include disruption of the careers of young people, increased juvenile delinquency, and perpetuation of conditions which breed racial discrimination in employment and  otherwise deny equality of opportunity. There is another and more subtle cost. The social and economic strains of prolonged high under utilization create strong pressures for cost-increasing solutions. On the side of labor. prolonged high unemployment leads to “share-E the-work” pressures for. shorter hours, intensifies resistance to technological change and to rationalization of work rules. On the side of business, the weakness of markets leads to attempts to raise prices to cover high average overhead costs and to pressures for protection against foreign and domestic competition.

over utilization of capacity

economic slack and lost output

diminished resources

the employment rate

lost incomes

idleness

juvenile delinquency

the death rate

more jobs by having everyone work shorter hours

higher wages to those employed

"no fire" policies

cost-cutting solutions

Higher unemployment insurance

Protection against imports

Government action

Restrictive business practices.

RightAns: 0 | WrongAns: 0 | Result: 0/0